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Literary Terms Freud's Letter to Einstein: Meaning and Interpretation Letter to Einstein is a world famous letter written by the 20th century well known psychologist Sigmund Freud to the famous physicist Albert Einstein. Freud wrote the letter after the First World War in the response of Einstein because Einstein had already written a letter to Freud asking him causes and solution of war.
Einstein had also asked Freud weather the problem of war can be solved permanently. Sigmund Freud In response, Freud has written about his opinion on how war happens and what can be the solution of the problem of war.
But before writing about the causes and solution of war Freud has briefly described about the history of war. The question where might is right as the cause of war asked by Einstein is replied by Freud that might is violence.
Then he says that in the primitive age there was also war among the people but at that time physical power was the means of war.
In the Stone Age because of the invention of the stone weapons, physical strength was replaced by mental strength because a person having the skill of using the weapon dominated others in the war. In the modern age due to the advanced weapons can dominate others in the war.
Sigmund Freud also says that international law and different diplomatic politicians are also weapons of war used by the powerless to fight with the powerful ones. Freud after describing the history of war describing about the causes of war, he considers there are mainly two causes of war which are material and psychological cause.
Material cause of war is the conflict of desires. When two or more than two individuals or parties desire only one object at the same time they cannot achieve it because the object is only one. There conflicting desires of getting the object lead them towards war. After the war the individual or the party who gets victory in war is the owner in the human history that has happened due to the conflict of desires.
Secondly Freud considers Psychological cause as another cause of war. To describe about it he explores human mind and concludes that human mind is dominated alternatively by two instincts or psychological forces which are hadeotic and erotic.
The former comes from the word hade which means hell and the later comes from form the word Eros which means love when Erotic instinct dominates our mind we become creative and love to each other so it is positive force.
But when Hadeotic instinct dominates our mind we become destructive and desire destruction and death everywhere. So psychologically when we are dominated by Hadeotic force, we desire war. It is the psychological cause of war according to Freud.
Freud also writes about the solution of war and he says that there is only temporary solution of war which has no permanent solution. Before describing about the permanent solution of war he describes about different temporary solutions of war.
He says that development of culture using the world wide organizational power and fulfilling of the desires are the means of temporary solution of war.
Freud says that establishing the culture against war is one of the ways the temporary solution of war. There are two ways of developing culture: When the war maker is punished by the authority, the others are also suppressed.
But Freud says that it cannot be more effective. Another culture to present war is the planting of anti war fewer in the human mind such a culture should be developed that all the people should be tied up in the feeling of fraternity. When individual is having feeling of such brother, hood and sister hood, they do not think of war.
But it is also not effective for ever. It can work temporarily.I first read Freud’s writings when, probably unconsciously, I believed that if everybody says the same thing, it must be true. Freud’s extraordinary theories and mystifying lingo had many admirers and promoters.
Just as one example, Eugene Goodheart, professor at Brandeis University, says. A Paper on Correspondence between Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein ( words, 1 pages) When one thinks of the big names in the sciences, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein are among those that we regard as the greatest minds of their time.
Atheist, Atheists, Atheism, Secular Humanism, Humanism, Atheist Quotes, Religious Quotes. Albert Einstein also wrote him, and Freud responded with a detailed reply full of gentle yet sharp humor.
The letter exchanges were part of the long-running correspondence between these two giants of science and culture, who left their mark on the experience and consciousness of . When one thinks of the big names in the sciences, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein are among those that we regard as the greatest minds of their time.
Its an interesting exchange when two such geniuses comment on issues that are of great importance to society, and often their words ring tr.
Author’s Bio. translated by Gabrielle Shorr. Sublimation, Sublimierung, the word is in Freud, taken from his discourse on the art of his srmvision.com Kant, the sublime was distinguished from beauty by the tension that persisted in it while subsiding in beauty.