Principles of design Between mosaic and paintingthe art with which it has most in common, there has been a reciprocal influence of varying intensity.
Mohammad Adil January 9, 9: This led David Nicolle to estimate Byzantine army at yarmuk to beSammy Prentice February 17, 2: For Yarmuk in particular such a decisive battle must have historians from both sides either attempting to glorify the efforts of their army or make the loss seem less spectacular and thus make it appear less devastating.
The East vs West aspect of the battle also antagonizes the biases with numbers, but you were very balanced in your interpretation of what numbers would be most accurate.
Well done Ahsan Akbar April 1, 4: It is famous for being the very first occasion in history when Mongols were decisively defeated.
A preliminary research could be found at http: Khorrumg April 5, 9: I myself being a historian would like to add some thoughts on the actual numbers involved in this most decisive of battles. An important fact has to be factored into the Byzantine Army estimates, that is that prior to the advent of Islam and the Revelation to the Prophet Mohammed mpbhthe Sasassnid Persians and Byzantines had been in a protracted long war with one another for years.
This war was a long drawn out affair and must have exhausted and severely depleted the resources of both Empires substantially, particularly upon the Byzantines. Exactly how, I would like you to follow the consequent line of reasoning… The sum impact of this war Sasassnid Byzantine War of AD was that the Byzantines had lost much of Syria, Palestine and Egypt to the Persians, the rich cities of Antioch, Alexandria grain supplyDamascus and even Jerusalem, when Chosroes took away the Holy Cross.
Furthermore, when one considers that the Byzantine state was, for its time, a sophisticated a state based upon the collection of tax revenues, such loss of territory denuded the central exchequer of vast sums of revenue, the very revenue which paid for the furnishing of the Imperial Army and the Thematic Armies.
The accumilated loss of tax revenues and resources from these territories would have therefore impacted heavily upon the numbers of soldiers the Byzantines could have afforded, to put into frontline service at this vital juncture.
With the gruelling long term impact of a protracted war with Persia just before the advent of Islam, the Byzantines therefore could NOT have put so significant a force in the field.
Your estimate of Byzantine numbers would therefore be inclined to be far more realistic when considering these factors mentioned above.
A simple but important reason for the Muslim success at Yarmuk must also be that the polyglot nature of the Byzantine Army at Yarmuk made the command structure cumbersome, unwieldly and at best difficult to manage for Vahan.
One last point, and forgive me for displaying a hint of Muslim bias, the Muslims were undoubtedly fired by the conviction that they were fighting for a higher ideal, that of eternal salvation and to enter paradise, thus giving Khalid-ibin-Walid the confidence to make greater demands upon his men….
Many thanks and best regards. Khorrum Khorrumg April 5, 9: Obviously the larger the force the harder it was to supply such numbers, suggesting that the numbers involved would have been towards the lower estimates.
One last point I also failed to mention in my last comment is that the Byzantines tended to avoid military confrontation and often chose to pay tribute instead of fighting.
This also proved how much wealth the Byztantine state had at its disposal at this time through its tax revenue system.Byzantine Empire. Justinian became emperor in, he was determined to revive the ancient Roman Empire, to build a new Rome - Byzantine Empire introduction. He established Constantinople as the capital of the Byzantine, or Eastern RomarL Empire.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and .
There are those who in the realm of science fiction literature wonder if galactic empires are the new "Middle-Earth".But interstellar empires never seem to go out of style, and regardless of their practicality they remain a powerful meme.
The terrorist organization Aum Shinrikyo found inspiration in the galactic empire of Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy. The Byzantine Empire was a vast and powerful civilization with origins that can be traced to A.D., when the Roman emperor Constantine I dedicated a “New Rome” on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium.
- The Byzantine Empire existed for nearly 1, years, and it’s one of the greatest empires of all time. It started in A.D. and lasted until A.D. It had many rulers. It was known as the eastern Roman Empire. It spread roman culture to Eastern Europe in the Middle East, and was the most power government in the Middle Ages.
Essay The Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, the survivor of the Roman empire, flourished into the oldest and longest lasting empire in our history. It began with Constantine the Great's triumph of Christianity. He then transferred his capital from Rome to the refounded Byzantium in the early 4th century, year AD, and named it .