An introduction to the issue of sexual discrimination and the wage difference in the workplace

Thesis on Gender Inequality: State Your Point 29 August by:

An introduction to the issue of sexual discrimination and the wage difference in the workplace

What is pay or compensation discrimination? It is job content and not job titles that determine whether or not jobs are substantially equal. Federal law looks to see that individuals performing jobs that require substantially equal skill, effort, responsibility, and under similar working conditions are compensated equally for their time.

Discrimination can occur due to sex or race, which are both prohibited under federal law. All forms of pay are covered by the law, including salary, overtime pay, bonuses, stock options, profit sharing and bonus plans, life insurance, vacation and holiday pay, cleaning or gasoline allowances, hotel accommodations, reimbursement for travel expenses, and benefits.

Based on this estimate, it would take an extra 47 days of work for women to earn what men did in What criteria is used to determine whether or not an employer has committed pay or compensation discrimination?

Cobb County, F. This determination turns on the actual content of the job-not mere job descriptions or titles. Each of these factors is summarized in categories below: The critical issue is what skills are required for the job, not what skills the individual employees may have. The prohibition against compensation discrimination under the EPA applies only to jobs within an establishment.

An establishment is a distinct physical place of business rather than an entire business or enterprise consisting of several places of business. In some circumstances, physically separate places of business may be treated as one establishment.

For example, if a central administrative unit hires employees, sets their compensation, and assigns them to separate work locations, the separate work sites can be considered part of one establishment Differences in pay are permitted when they are based on seniority, merit, quantity or quality of production.

Equal Pay Act - requires that man and women be given equal pay for equal work in the same establishment. The jobs do not need to be identical, but they must be substantially equal.

It is job content, not job titles, that determines whether jobs are substantially equal. Specifically the EPA provides that employers may not pay unequal wages to men and women who perform jobs that require substantially equal skill, effort and responsibility, and that are performed under similar working conditions within the same establishment.

A more detailed explanation of these factors can be found in the answer to question 2.

An introduction to the issue of sexual discrimination and the wage difference in the workplace

An employer maintains a neutral compensation policy or practice that has a negative impact on employees in a protected class and cannot be justified as job-related and consistent with business necessity. For example, if an employer provides extra compensation to employees who are the head of household,i.

Note that there are separate laws protecting employees of federal contractors from pay discrimination: Executive Order protects employees of federal contractors from discrimination based on compensation inquiries, discussions, or disclosures.

Section of the Rehabilitation Act prohibits federal contractors from discriminating in employment decisions based on disability. Who is covered by the law? Title VII covers all private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions that employ 15 or more individuals.

These laws also cover private and public employment agencies, labor organizations, and joint labor management committees controlling apprenticeship and training.

Many state laws also make it illegal to discriminate based on sex. For more information, please see our page on the minimum number of employees needed to file a claim under your state law.

If you are a current employee and are fired, not promoted, or not accommodated due to your sex or gender, you are protected. If you are not hired due to your sex or gender, you are also protected. Many states have enacted state laws prohibiting employers from discriminating against employees based on their sex.

Most states have equal pay laws. Many explicitly prohibit gender-based compensation discrimination, and some are more expansive than the federal laws.

Some state discrimination laws also cover employers with fewer than 15 employees or provide additional protections beyond those provided by Title VII or the EPA. For example, the California Labor Code states that no employer may require, as a condition of employment, that an employee refrain from disclosing the amount of his or her wages or discipline, discharge, or otherwise discriminate against an employee who discloses the amount of his or her wages.

This law was enacted to protect employees who wanted to discuss some aspect of their compensation with their coworkers, including possible increase in pay, perceived pay disparities, or the awarding of bonuses. The law increases the possibility that women can uncover pay discrimination, it strengthens the legal tools women can use when seeking justice, it expands the number of years of back pay a victim of pay discrimination can recover, and it deters companies from perpetuating wage discrimination.Gender Discrimination Essay Examples.

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An introduction to the issue of sexual discrimination and the wage difference in the workplace

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Thesis on Gender Inequality: State Your Point |

Discrimination and stereotypes in the workplace. discrimination and stereotypes in the workplace will be discussed to find the original reasons of such phenomenon and offer some potential solutions for these one.

the most popular stereotyping all over the world is gender stereotype. Gender stereotyping leads to wage discrimination, and. Sexual discrimination forces women into lower paying jobs, and sexual harassment helps keep them there.

One tiling is clear, whether the problem is sexual harassment or sexual discrimination the problem continues to exist in the workplace, creating tension that make their jobs more difficult. Gender Discrimination in the Workplace - It is not up for debate whether women are discriminated against in the workplace, it is evident in census data; in , among full-time, year-round workers, women were paid 78 percent of what men were paid.

Introduction to discrimination It isn't always unlawful - after all, people are paid different wages depending on their status and skills. However, there are certain reasons for which your employer can't discriminate against you by law.

Women in the Workplace. The issue of gender discrimination; 16 What are the unique characteristics of gender discrimination? 17 Myra Bradwell vs. Illinois - The civil law as well as nature itself has always recognized a wide difference in the respective spheres and destinies of man and Sexual Orientation Discrimination - Sexual.

Introduction | Discrimination in the Workplace