Kevin Bonnett - Sociology What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?
The main decision you are likely to make is whether you will be using qualitative or quantitative methods or methods which combine both. Each method is associated with a different approach to gathering data. If so, you are likely to be collecting numerical data in reasonably large quantities 30 or more and running statistical tests on this data.
By looking at broad areas of interest, you are aiming to generate theories about the area you are investigating. If this is the case, you will be adopting a qualitative approach concerned with analysing textual responses in detail.
The Steps involved in writing a Dissertation. Strategy and Research Design In this section you will outline how you collected your data; and you will have Research approach dissertation explain your choice for using the methods you did, such as online surveys, phone surveys, face-to-face-interviews and so on.
How did you choose your sample? Explain the choice of age group and ethnicity of your respondents. What questions did you ask and how have these contributed towards answering your research question or how did these test your hypothesis which formed the basis of your research?
It is actually better to write this at the start of your research, so that it can be changed if your methods are not producing the results you need. However as this is not usually how dissertations are written- they are written in hindsight, then you will have to be honest about the flaws in the design.
Another thing to remember is that you need to convince the reader that the results you obtain are valid and reliable.
When discussing why you selected the methods you did, you should be convincing that these methods are the best ones available given what you want to achieve. Data Collection and Analysis Methods You will have to explain how the data was collected by what means and then explain the analysis tools you used.
For example, if you were sampling texts, or have a lot of qualitative data are you using semiotics analysis, discourse analysis and so on. If you used software tools then you will have to say what these were and why you chose to use these particular ones.
In this section you have to explain very clearly how you arrived at your findings and state clearly why they are reliable and how they answer your research questions or test the hypotheses on which your research was based. The choices you made at the beginning of your research study should have been aided by contributions from your supervisor.
That being so, writing the Methodology section will be the easiest part of your dissertation. Ethics, Reliability, Validity, Generalizability and Limitations Finally, your methodology should discuss the following: Ethics — you need to explain how you have taken into account the ethics of your research, particularly if it includes human subjects.
What steps did you take to make sure no one involved is harmed in any way even very minor ways? This discussion should include how you dealt with issues of confidentiality of data, and data protection Reliability — that is, the extent to which your study is reliable, in that the results can be repeated by other researchers at other times.
To be informative, studies should be both reliable and valid Validity — that is, does the study test what it sets out to test? Are the measures you use able to accurately assess what you want to look at?
Generalizability — to what extent are the particular results you obtained true of other populations? Not all studies are as generalizable as others, but you need to discuss how generalizable your results are likely to be, and why.
Limitations — finally, you need to acknowledge any ways in which the study was limited. Was it restricted to only one country, when data from other regions would be useful?
Or were only people of a certain age interviewed, when a more representative cross-section of the population would have yielded more informative results?Research methods can be used alone to solve a problem, or explore a question as part of a piece of work.
They can also be a key part of writing a thesis or dissertation. For more about this, see our section on Writing a Dissertation, and particularly Writing Your Methodology. One of the problems (or challenges) of mixed methods dissertations is that qualitative and quantitative research, as you will have seen from the two previous sections, are very different in approach.
In many respects, they are opposing approaches to research. The deductive research approach is based on the general idea to reach at the specific situation and it is linked with the positivism paradigm, whereas, inductive approach works over a specific idea to generalize the situation as per the research topic, which is linked with the interpretivism paradigm (Crowther and Lancaster ).
Doctoral research is the cornerstone of a PhD program. In order to write the dissertation, you must complete extensive, detailed research, and there are different types of research for different types of studies—involving very different methodology.
Dissertation research approach 18 novembre Society identity essays, matthias gephart illustration essay research project personal reflection essay short essay on importance of voting english essay fear of difference essay. A key part of your dissertation or thesis is the methodology.
This is not quite the same as ‘methods’. The methodology describes the broad philosophical underpinning to your chosen research methods, including whether you are using qualitative or quantitative methods, or a mixture of both, and why.