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Origins[ edit ] Baybayin was noted by the Spanish priest Pedro Chirino in and Antonio de Morga in to be known by most Filipinos, and was generally used for personal writings, poetry, etc.
However, according to William Henry Scottthere were some datus from the s who could not sign affidavits or oaths, and witnesses who could not sign land deeds in the s. It is an example of letters of the script arranged more or less in the order the Spaniards knew, reproduced by the Spanish and other observers in the different regions of Luzon and Visayas.
Another source of evidence are the archival documents preserved and recovered. From what is available, it seems clear that the Luzon and Palawan varieties have started to develop in different ways in the s, way before the Spaniards conquered what we know today as the Philippines.
This puts Luzon and Palawan as the oldest regions where Baybayin was and is used. It is also notable that the variety used in Pampanga had already developed special shapes for four letters by the early s, different from the ones used elsewhere.
It is equally important to note that this ancient Baybayin Kapampangan variety is very different from the experiment called "modern Kulitan" which was taught in the late s. There is no evidence for any other regional scripts; like the modern Kulitan experiment in Pampanga.
Any other scripts are recent inventions based on one or another of the abecedaries from old Spanish descriptions. The desire of Francisco Lopez for Baybayin to conform to the Spanish alfabetos paved the way for the invention of a cross sign.
Such introduction was uniquely a standalone event that was blindly copied by succeeding writers up to the present. Please help improve it or discuss the issue on the talk page.
May Empty shell of a Giant clam Guilermo Tolentino was one of the very few individuals who tried to put forward the possible Filipino origins of Baybayin and numerals in his book, "Ang Wika at Baybaying Tagalog The meanings altogether point to an activity using giant clams as part of a ritual offering and partaking thereafter.
The word haha is listed to mean "hiwang malaki" cut wide and hahain means "bukahin ang manglit" open the manglit while manglit means "higanteng kabibe" giant clam.
Indian Sanskrit loanwords in Tagalog Historically Southeast Asia was under the influence of Ancient Indiawhere numerous Indianized principalities and empires flourished for several centuries in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Cambodia and Vietnam.
The influence of Indian culture into these areas was given the term indianization. Indian diasporaboth ancient PIO and current NRIplayed an ongoing key role as professionals, traders, priests and warriors.
Laguna Copperplate Inscriptiona legal document inscribed on a copper plate in AD, is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines, is written in Indian Sanskrit and Brahmi script based Indonesian Kawi script. The Laguna Copperplate Inscription is the earliest known written document found in the Philippines It is a legal document with the inscribed date of Saka eracorresponding to April 21, AD Laguna Copperplate Inscription.
It was written in the Kawi script in a variety of Old Malay containing numerous loanwords from Sanskrit and a few non-Malay vocabulary elements whose origin is ambiguous between Old Javanese and Old Tagalog. One hypothesis therefore reasons that, since Kawi is the earliest attestation of writing on the Philippines, then Baybayin may be descended from Kawi.
It is the kawi inspired ancient alphabet of the people of Baybay in the Lakanate of Lawan used to write letters to relatives in far places where they migrate. Scott mentioned the Bingi of Lawan siday local epic originally written in Baybay, a place in ancient Lawan.
A second example of Kawi script can be seen on the Butuan Ivory Sealthough it has not been dated.
An earthenware burial jar, called the "Calatagan Pot," found in Batangas is inscribed with characters strikingly similar to Baybayin, and is claimed to have been inscribed ca. However, its authenticity has not yet been proven.
Many of the writing systems of Southeast Asia descended from ancient scripts used in India over years ago. Although Baybayin shares some important features with these scripts, such as all the consonants being pronounced with the vowel a and the use of special marks to change this sound, there is no evidence that it is so old.
The shapes of the baybayin characters bear a slight resemblance to the ancient Kavi script of Java, Indonesia, which fell into disuse in the 15th century. However, as mentioned earlier in the Spanish accounts, the advent of the Baybayin in the Philippines was considered a fairly recent event in the 16th century and the Filipinos at that time believed that their Baybayin came from Borneo.
This theory is supported by the fact that the Baybayin script could not show syllable final consonants, which are very common in most Philippine languages. See Final Consonants This indicates that the script was recently acquired and had not yet been modified to suit the needs of its new users.
Also, this same shortcoming in the Baybayin was a normal trait of the script and language of the Bugis people of Sulawesiwhich is directly south of the Philippines and directly east of Borneo. Thus most scholars believe that the Baybayin may have descended from the Buginese script or, more likely, a related lost script from the island of Sulawesi.
The characters of these natives, or, better said, those that have been in use for a few years in these parts, an art which was communicated to them from the Tagalogs, and the latter learned it from the Borneans who came from the great island of Borneo to Manilawith whom they have considerable traffic From these Borneans the Tagalogs learned their characters, and from them the Visayans, so they call them Moro characters or letters because the Moros taught them In particular, the Pallava script from Sumatra is attested to the 7th century.
This hypothesis states that a version of this script was introduced to the Philippines via Bengalbefore ultimately evolving into baybayin. Cham[ edit ] Finally, an early Cham script from Champa — in what is now southern Vietnam and southeastern Cambodia — could have been introduced or borrowed and adapted into Baybayin.Pamanahong Papel o Pananaliksik (Research Paper) 1.
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