Risk factors Here are some of the risk factors associated with MND. In the United States U. SMA is also known to be an inherited condition. After the age of 40 years, the risk rises significantly, although it is still very small.
Signs and symptoms The symptoms of ALS usually appear when a person is in their late 50s or early 60s, but it can happen at other ages.
Progression varies between individuals. In the early stages, signs and symptoms may be barely noticeable, but the weakness becomes more visible over time. Early symptoms often include clumsiness, abnormal limb fatigue, muscle cramps and twitches, and slurred speech.
Symptoms will spread to all parts of the body as ALS progresses.
Some people may have problems with decision-making and memory, eventually leading to a form of dementia called frontotemporal dementia. Emotional lability can cause fluctuations in mood and emotional response. Treatment and prevention There is no cure for ALS, so treatment aims to alleviate symptoms, prevent unnecessary complications, and slow the rate of disease progression.
ALS can cause a range of physical, mental, and social changes, so a team of specialists will often help patients manage their symptoms and care, improve their qualify of life, and prolong survival.
It may work by reducing the body's levels of glutamate, an excitotoxin that has been linked to neuronal damage. It may slow the decline in physical function by one third.
A number of research projects are looking at ways to use new and existing drugs to treat different aspects of ALS.
Doctors can also prescribe medications to treat the different symptoms. Therapy Physical therapy can help people with ALS manage pain and address mobility issues.
A physical therapist can provide help and information with: Breathing devices can help the patient breathe better at night. Some patients may need mechanical ventilation.
One end of a tube is connected to a respirator, while the other end is inserted into the windpipe through a surgically-created hole in the neck, or tracheostomy.
Speech therapy is useful when ALS begins to make it harder to talk. Speech therapists can help by teaching adaptive techniques. Other methods of communication include writing and computer-based communications equipment. Nutritional support is important, as difficulty with swallowing can make it hard to get enough nutrients.
Nutritionists can advise on preparing nutritious meals that are easier to swallow. Suction devices and feeding tubes may help. Diagnosis No single test can diagnose ALS, so diagnosis is based on symptoms and the results of tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.
Tests that may help diagnose ALS are: An MRI scan can detect other problems that could be causing symptoms, such as a spinal cord tumor or a herniated disk in the neck. Further tests to rule out other conditions may include blood and urine tests and a muscle biopsy.
If there are symptoms in both the upper and lower motor neurons, ALS may be present. Upper motor neuron symptoms include stiffness and resistance to movement in the muscles and brisk reflexes. Lower motor neuron symptoms include weakness, muscle atrophy, and twitching. Social contact is important.
Stay in touch with friends and keep up with as many previous activities as possible. There may be a local or online support groups that can answer questions and offer insight through shared experiences.
Have a bag ready with tissues, hand wipes, and easy-to-hold cutlery for going out. Register to get a disability placard for the car. Make adjustments at home, for example, a device to raise the toilet seat. It can be hard when a loved one finds they can no longer do something they could do before, but foreseeing possible restrictions can help you be prepared for when they come.
As the disease progresses, treatment can become expensive. Arrange relief for caregivers: Arrange for a friend, relative, or caregiver to come and stay for a weekend or to take the person with ALS out for the day.Motor neuron diseases are conditions that affect the nerves and cause the muscles in the body to deteriorate until a person losses the ability to move at all, including breath for themselves.
They. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis known as Lou Gehrig's disease is a fatal, degenerative disease of the nervous system. There are typically two categories ALS patients may fall into.
Limb-onset ALS is the most common way that this disease starts. Although, ALS has no cure and is almost always fatal, there is still hope.3/5(2).
Rabbi Boruch Leff is a vice-principal at Torah Institute in Baltimore. "Are You Growing?" (Feldheim), his just released book, is a must read if you want to grow spiritually. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease that affects one to two persons per and is characterized by the progressive death of upper and lower. Essay about Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and is habitually fatal. It predominantly includes primary lateral sclerosis, a disease restricted to upper.
There is a long list of common iatrogenic (drug- or doctor-caused) diseases caused by prescription drugs or vaccine ingredients like aluminum and mercury.
Dr. Gary G. Kohls says, “Common iatrogenic (drug- or doctor-caused) diseases can be caused by commonly prescribed drugs and/or commonly.