Abraham Maslow and other theorists have suggested that the need for love and belongingness is a fundamental human motivation. Psychologists believe that simple contact or social interaction with others is not enough to fulfill this need.
Peer[ edit ] Some adolescents gain acceptance and recognition from their peers by conformity. This peer moderated conformity increases from the transition of childhood to adolescence. These types of responses to conformity vary in their degree of public agreement versus private agreement.
When an individual finds themselves in a position where they publicly agree with the group's decision yet privately disagrees with the group's consensus, they are experiencing compliance or acquiescence.
In turn, conversion, otherwise known as private acceptance, involves both publicly and privately agreeing with the group's decision. Thus, this represents a true change of opinion to match the majority.
Another type of social response, which does not involve conformity with the majority of the group, is called convergence. In this type of social response, the group member agrees with the group's decision from the outset and thus does not need to shift their opinion on the matter at hand.
Firstly, an individual who does not conform to the majority can display independence. Independence, or dissent, can be defined as the unwillingness to bend to group pressures. Thus, this individual stays true to his or her personal standards instead of the swaying toward group standards.
Secondly, a nonconformist could be displaying anticonformity or counterconformity which involves the taking of opinions that are opposite to what the group believes.
This type of nonconformity can be motivated by a need to rebel against the status quo instead of the need to be accurate in one's opinion.
To conclude, social responses to conformity can be seen to vary along a continuum from conversion to anticonformity. For example, a popular experiment in conformity research, known as the Asch situation or Asch conformity experimentsprimarily includes compliance and independence.
Also, other responses to conformity can be identified in groups such as juries, sports teams and work teams. In his experiment, participants were placed in a dark room and asked to stare at a small dot of light 15 feet away.
They were then asked to estimate the amount it moved. The trick was there was no movement, it was caused by a visual illusion known as the autokinetic effect.
On the first day, each person perceived different amounts of movement, but from the second to the fourth day, the same estimate was agreed on and others conformed to it. Subsequent experiments were based on more realistic situations.
In an eyewitness identification task, participants were shown a suspect individually and then in a lineup of other suspects.
They were given one second to identify him, making it a difficult task. One group was told that their input was very important and would be used by the legal community. To the other it was simply a trial. Being more motivated to get the right answer increased the tendency to conform.
Asch conformity experiments Which line matches the first line, A, B, or C? In the Asch conformity experimentspeople frequently followed the majority judgment, even when the majority was wrong. He exposed people in a group to a series of lines, and the participants were asked to match one line with a standard line.
All participants except one were accomplices and gave the wrong answer in 12 of the 18 trials. On average people conformed one third of the time. The experiment was modified to examine this question.
In one series the size of the opposition was varied from one to 15 persons.
However, the increasing majority was only influential up to a point: Compliance is motivated by the need for approval and the fear of being rejected.
Identification is conforming to someone who is liked and respected, such as a celebrity or a favorite uncle. This can be motivated by the attractiveness of the source,  and this is a deeper type of conformism than compliance.
Internalization is accepting the belief or behavior and conforming both publicly and privately, if the source is credible.
It is the deepest influence on people and it will affect them for a long time. Although Kelman's distinction has been influential, research in social psychology has focused primarily on two varieties of conformity.
These are informational conformity, or informational social influenceand normative conformity, also called normative social influence. In Kelman's terminology, these correspond to internalization and compliance, respectively. There are naturally more than two or three variables in society influential on human psychology and conformity; the notion of "varieties" of conformity based upon "social influence" is ambiguous and indefinable in this context.
Informational social influence Informational social influence occurs when one turns to the members of one's group to obtain and accept accurate information about reality.Chapter 8 Social Psychology Aronson. STUDY. PLAY. In ambiguous situations, we sometimes fall prey to the influence of others' attitudes or behaviors, and bring our own attitudes or behaviors into line with theirs.
This type of conformity arises from A) normative social influence. B) voluntary obedience. The fear of humiliation is also a powerful motivating force.
Cultural differences Although shame and humiliation are human universals, the particular circumstances and events that cause humiliation can vary greatly from one culture to the next. The causes of conformity among individuals have long been debated and researched in recent decades.
The research examined for this piece fits the categories of a model proposed to explain the five main motivational reasons to conform: the desire to be correct, the desire to be socially accepted and. You fear that if you take bold, individual action, you will be cast out, so you reluctantly conform and feel trapped.
This adds up to a depressed state of mind in which you feel isolated and alone. 4. Social conformity causes emotional deprivation Feeling alone and trapped is an empty place. How do I overcome the fear of humiliation? Update Cancel.
ad by Atlassian. Many times the fear of humiliation has to do with a fear of being alone, fear of not being able to handle the pressure, etc.) deep humiliation is very hard to overcome.
Being humiliated brings out our worse fears about ourselves in being unlovable, unattractive. The Humiliation Dynamic is used to socialize children and engineer conformity among adults. It and other stigmatized groups. The experience of humiliation and the fear of humiliation are implicated in a variety of mental illnesses and engender rage which is manifested in anti-social behavior, murder, and suicide.