The federal government of the United States is set up by the Constitution. There are three branches.
Origins[ edit ] The name "Whig" repeated the term that Patriots used to refer to themselves during the American Revolution. It indicated hostility to the king.
Despite the identical name it did not directly derive from the British Whig Party see etymology. The Democratic-Republicans who formed the Whig Party, led by Kentucky Senator Henry Claydrew on a Jeffersonian tradition of compromise, balance in government and territorial expansion combined with national unity and support for a Federal transportation network and domestic manufacturing.
Casting their enemy as "King Andrew", they sought to identify themselves as modern-day opponents of governmental overreaching. Despite the apparent unity of Jefferson's Democratic-Republicans from tothe American people ultimately preferred partisan opposition to popular political agreement.
InHenry Clay re-entered the Senate and started planning a new party. He defended national rather than sectional interests.
Clay's plan for distributing the proceeds from the sale of lands among the states in the public domain was intended to serve the nation by providing the states with funds for building roads and canals, which would stimulate growth and knit the sections together.
However, his Jacksonian opponents distrusted the federal government and opposed all federal aid for internal improvements and they again frustrated Clay's plan.
Jacksonians promoted opposition to the National Bank and internal improvements and support of egalitarian democracy, state power and hard money. The Tariff of Abominations of had outraged Southern feelings—the South's leaders held that the high duties on foreign imports gave an advantage to the North where the factories were located.
Clay's own high tariff schedule of further disturbed them as did his stubborn defense of high duties as necessary to his American System. However, Clay moved to pass the Compromise ofwhich met Southern complaints by a gradual reduction of the rates on imports to a maximum of twenty percent.
Controlling the Senate for a while, Whigs passed a censure motion denouncing Jackson's arrogant assumption of executive power in the face of the true will of the people as represented by Congress.
The Whig Party began to take shape in Clay had run as a National Republican against Jackson inbut carried only 49 electoral votes against Jackson'sand the National Republicans became discredited as a major political force. The Whig Party emerged in the aftermath of the electionthe Nullification Crisisand debates regarding the Second Bank of the United Stateswhich Jackson denounced as a monopoly—and from which he abruptly removed all government deposits.
Calhounwho viewed Jackson's actions as impinging on the prerogatives of Congress and the states—and small remnants of the Federalist Partypeople whose last political activity was with them a decade before.
The "Whig" name emphasized the party's opposition to Jackson's perceived executive tyranny, and the name helped the Whigs shed the elitist image of the National Republican Party.
The Whigs nominated a war hero inand emphasized that William Henry Harrison had given up the high life to live in a log cabin on the frontier—Harrison won. Rise[ edit ] In the elections, the party was not yet sufficiently organized or unified to run one nationwide candidate.
Mangum ran in South Carolina. Whigs hoped that four candidates would amass enough Electoral College votes among them to deny a majority to Martin Van Buren.
That would move the election to the House of Representativesallowing the ascendant Whigs to select their most popular man as president. Van Buren won ballots in the Electoral College, with only ballots needed to win, but the Whig strategy came very close to succeeding.
United States: United States, country in North America that is a federal republic of 50 states and was founded in United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean. Other articles where History of United Kingdom is discussed: United Kingdom: Ancient Britain: Archaeologists working in Norfolk in the early 21st century discovered stone tools that suggest the presence of humans in Britain from about , to 1 million years ago. These startling discoveries underlined the extent to which archaeological research is .
A change of just a few thousand votes in that state would have reduced Van Buren's ballot count to onlyeight short of winning. In latethe Whigs held their first national convention and nominated William Henry Harrison as their presidential candidate.
In MarchHarrison pledged to serve only one term as President if elected, a pledge that reflected popular support for a constitutional limit to presidential terms among many in the Whig Party. Harrison went on to victory indefeating Van Buren's re-election bid largely as a result of the Panic of and subsequent depression.
Harrison served only 31 days and became the first President to die in office. He was succeeded by John Tylera Virginian and states' rights absolutist.
Tyler vetoed the Whig economic legislation and was expelled from the Whig party in September The Whigs' internal disunity and the nation's increasing prosperity made the party's activist economic program seem less necessary, leading to a disastrous showing in the Congressional election.
The One Qualification for a Whig President"—a political cartoon about the presidential election that refers to Zachary Taylor or Winfield Scottthe two leading contenders for the Whig Party nomination in the aftermath of the Mexican—American War published by Nathaniel Currier indigitally restored The central issue in the s was expansion, with proponents of " manifest destiny " arguing for aggressive westward expansion, even at the risk of war with Mexico over the annexation of Texas and Britain over control of Oregon.
Daniel Walker Howe argues: John Mack Faragher's analysis of the political polarization between the parties is the following: Most Democrats were wholehearted supporters of expansion, whereas many Whigs especially in the North were opposed.
Whigs welcomed most of the changes wrought by industrialization but advocated strong government policies that would guide growth and development within the country's existing boundaries. They feared correctly that expansion raised a contentious issue the extension of slavery to the territories.
On the other hand, many Democrats feared industrialization the Whigs welcomed. Polk in a closely contested race, with Polk's policy of Western expansion particularly the annexation of Texas and free trade triumphing over Clay's protectionism and caution over the Texas question.
The Whigs, both Northern and Southern, strongly opposed expansion into Texas, which they including Whig Congressman Abraham Lincoln saw as an unprincipled land grab. They stopped criticizing the war and adopted only a very vague platform.Other articles where History of United Kingdom is discussed: United Kingdom: Ancient Britain: Archaeologists working in Norfolk in the early 21st century discovered stone tools that suggest the presence of humans in Britain from about , to 1 million years ago.
These startling discoveries underlined the extent to which archaeological research is . The United States of America (commonly referred to as the United States, the U.S., the USA, or America) is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal srmvision.com country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D.C., the capital district, lie between the Pacific .
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United srmvision.com United States Presidents belonged to the party while in office. It emerged in the s as the leading opponent of Jacksonians, pulling together former members of the National Republican (one of the successors of the Democratic-Republican Party) and the Anti-Masonic Party.
United States: United States, country in North America that is a federal republic of 50 states and was founded in The United States is a federal srmvision.com federal government of the United States is set up by the srmvision.com are three branches.
They are the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial srmvision.com governments and the federal government work in very similar ways. Each state has its own executive, legislative, and judicial branches. In dentistry: Dentistry in 19th-century Europe.
In English dentist Sir John Tomes led the formation of the first dental organization in England, the Odontological Society. It was through the activity of this group that the Royal Dental Hospital of London was established in