The narrator explains that Leavers saw the Takers as being crazy, acting in a way that was totally foreign to them. So, in order to understand why the Takers were invading their land and taking it from them, they had to figure out how they got to be the way they are. So, they decided the Takers had taken the wisdom of the gods and were trying to use it as their own and that the gods, upset with these Takers, had banished them from the garden of life, forcing these people to get their food through the hard work of farming.
The narrator, however, still has a few questions. First, he asks why Cain is the firstborn and Abel the second-born son. Ishmael and the narrator explore this question and decide that Cain and Abel are to be interpreted symbolically and that in many allegories it is the second son who is for a long time overshadowed by the firstborn, becoming an underdog hero of sorts.
Ishmael explains that when the Takers took from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, they made the decision to grow without limit.
Thus, the person who offers them this opportunity is called life. The narrator stumbles along, trying to figure out how the story makes sense from a Taker perspective. Analysis In the final sections of Part 9, Quinn revisits the ideas presented earlier in Part 9 by analyzing the Leaver-originated myths Ishmael and the narrator have already discussed, looking at the symbolic features of characters in these myths, and finally exploring how these myths have been appropriated by Taker culture.
To begin, Ishmael asks the narrator to explain how these myths came to be in the first place. The narrator answers this question by explaining that the Leavers were trying to work backward from the Takers behavior: The myths thus serve to explain Taker behavior.
Thus, Ishmael helps the narrator to see how Leavers saw the Takers as cursed not special or blessed, as Takers see themselves.
First, Cain and Abel are symbolic of brothers, and are not to be read as actual human brothers. Thus, Abel becomes the overshadowed but righteous younger brother featured in many allegories, and Cain the overbearing older brother. Additionally, Eve is also explained as a symbol since her name means life.
Whereas the Leavers saw the story of The Fall as the story of the Takers becoming cursed, the Takers saw it as the story of their growth — their grasp on life.
Finally, Ishmael helps the narrator see how the story of The Fall has evolved not to explain the formation of humans on earth, but the formation of a specific culture — Taker culture. The key way the Takers manipulated the original Leaver story to situate Adam as a protagonist is to change why Adam was punished.Ishmael Essay Ishmael by Daniel Quinn is regarded by many readers worldwide as an eyeopener to what is really going on in the world.
Reading Ishmael has reinforced my reasons for becoming a doctor but at the same time the story made me think twice about what I should believe is fact and what is fiction. 3/5(4).
Ishmael is not a program, it is not a call for an armed revolution, it is a compilation of ideas. These ideas are the only thing that will change our situation: not legislation, not the sainthood of humanity, not the halting of our population.
Ishmael then presents a brief overview of ecological principles. He says that when food supplies increase, populations increase. Additionally, when population increases, food decreases and when food decreases, population decreases as well.
A two person panel discuss the issues surrounding our ability to produce enough to feed a growing world population. While interacting with the audience, Quinn and Thornhill describe their theories of the relationship between population and the ability of cultures to support that population/5(9).
Recognizing that we don’t all ‘eat’ the same thing in the same way and that these patterns can change very quickly is the first step to understanding the complexity of the population paradox. Limiting population is only one part of the equation. Ishmael then explains how the Taker story, its insistence on pitting man against the world as its enemy, makes the Takers a very lonely people.
He points out that crime, mental illness, suicide and drug addiction are features of .